2-way cartridge valves are elements that have been designed for a compact block design. The power section with connections A and B is installed into the control block in a receiving hole standardized according to ISO 7368 and closed with a cover. In most cases, the cover is also the connection from the control side of the power section to the pilot control valves.
By control with respective pilot control valves, the power section can be applied for pressure, directional and throttle functions or a combination of these functions. Particularly efficient solutions are realized by adjustment of the size to various flows of the individual ways of an actuator. The application of power sections of elements for multiple functions is very cost-effective.
2-way cartridge valves generally consist of control cover (1) and installation kit (2). The control cover contains the control bores and optionally a stroke limitation function, a hydraulically controlled directional seat valve or a shuttle valve according to the required overall function. Additionally, electrically operated directional spool or seat valves can be installed at a control cover. The installation kit consists of a bushing (3), ring (4) (only up to NG32), valve poppet (5), optionally with damping nose (6) or without damping nose (7) as well as closing spring (8).
The function of 2-way cartridge valves is pressure-dependent. This way, three crucial pressurized areas A1, A2, A3 are realized for the function. The area at valve seat A1 is observed as 100 %. Depending on the version, the annulus area A2 realized by grading is 7 % or 50 % of area A1. The area ratio A1 : A2 is respectively either 14.3 : 1 or 2 : 1. The area A3 is identical to the sum of areas A1 + A2. Due to the different area ratios A1 : A2 and the resulting different annulus areas (A2), the area A3 is one time 107 % and another time 150 % of the area A1 at the seat, which is observed as 100 %.
In general, the following applies:
The areas A1 and A2 are effective in opening direction. The area A3 and the spring are effective in closing direction. The direction of action of the resulting force from the opening and closing forces determines the spool position of the 2-way cartridge valve.
The 2-way cartridge valves can be passed from A to B or from B to A. Pressurization of area A3 by pilot oil discharge from channel B or external pilot oil supply, channel A is blocked without leakage.